This, what all fishing methods have in common is the use of bait. We are dealing here with a direct material stimulus, whose task is to make the fish bite. Therefore, only these lures are effective, which by some of its properties – smell, taste, consistency, color, Shape, size, movement etc.. – remind fish of the ingredients of their natural food.
Lures can resemble the natural food of fish in many ways. This is not only related to the diet of the fish, we want to catch, but it also depends on the chosen method of fishing (how to deliver the bait). The general rule is, that when dealing with fish, which, in search of food, are primarily aware of the senses of smell and taste and taste the prey before consuming it, we should use only natural baits (edible). However, when catching fish, which are primarily aware of their eyesight and which instincts do not dictate to check the quality of the dish, artificial lures (uneatable). Usually quiet feeding fish are ranked first, and the prey to the second group is merely contractual; in both groups there are exceptions depending on one or another fishing method. And yes, e.g, on the one hand, we can successfully catch non-predatory fish with artificial lures (e.g.. artificial flies), on the other hand, in some methods of predator fishing, only natural baits can be successfully used. Generally, we divide lures into two basic groups:
- lures of natural origin;
- artificial lures.
Due to their origin and basic composition, natural lures are divided into:
– baits of animal origin;
– baits of plant origin.
Depending on the design and purpose, artificial lures are divided into two main groups. Those are:
– artificial flies;
– artificial spinning lures.