Floats are one of the most interesting elements of fishing equipment and probably many anglers have a whole set of them., which only part of it uses. (Anyway, the author of this page always associates the image of an angler with a float of different colors gracefully swaying on the surface of the water).
The float is extremely useful: makes it possible to deliver the bait in the most natural way to the right depth, reacts sensitively to taking a fish, helps to locate the bait correctly, shows the direction of movement of the fish when taking it, jamming and towing, prevents the line from sinking in some methods.
When fishing in very muddy and overgrown waters, and also when fishing at a certain level in the water, without a float, it is impossible to manage.
Apart from the undisputed advantages, the disadvantages associated with the use of a float should also be noted – mainly in this, that it is an intermediate component and cannot be reconciled with the common tendency to assemble the kits as simple as possible, the most delicate (i.e.. the most sensitive). Therefore, the float should be used only in particularly justified cases. High demands must be placed on the construction of the floats in use, and the material, from which they are made. The basic requirement is this, that the float should be as imperceptible as possible thanks to the appropriate correlation of the size, shape and color. Means, that floats made of the lightest materials should be given priority, with maximum buoyancy, constructed according to the laws of hydrodynamics. These features should guarantee their sensitivity and stability in water (The float should respond to any stimulus, however, it should not transfer this reaction to the bait).
Of course, structural properties alone are not enough, because the quality of their functioning is decisively influenced by the way they are installed in the set.
Depending on the fishing conditions (the height of the water column, distance, current speed etc.) there are two main methods of mounting (mountings) float.
– Permanently fastened, where the float is attached to the line at one fixed point. The method of attachment itself can be varied: larger floats have a hole on their axis, through which the fishing line passes. By inserting the pin into this hole, we immobilize the float. Smaller and slimmer floats are sometimes equipped with a small eye placed in the lower part. A fishing line is threaded through them, while it is attached to the antenna with a special clamp (rubber ring, insulating tape etc.). We attach the float permanently then, when the depth of the fishery is correspondingly smaller than the length of the rod, otherwise, it would be impossible to execute the throws efficiently. The casting distance is also involved here – if it's big, The float is less useful.
– Through fastening (in-line float) is about it, that the float is attached to the line with one or two eyelets, and its proper location (depending on the depth of the fishery) is ensured by an appropriate limiter placed on the line above the float. The stopper may be made of a piece of string, threads, erasers etc., usually combined with a small glass bead, which prevents the grommets from being blocked during the cast. The limiter should be firmly attached to the line, so that it does not accidentally change its position, however, it should be movable if necessary. The in-line float is the only solution when fishing in deeper waters, where the depth of the fishery is greater than the length of the rod; it also works well in shallow waters, when you need to throw a long distance.