The scheme of the hook
1 :A - size,
B – length
2:C – cave (edge),
D — burr,
G – blade (or eyelet)
Items of penny value are sometimes underestimated. However, when dealing with fishing hooks, let's be rather meticulous.
Without a rod or a reel one could fish, no hook – no way.
We absolutely require two basic features from the hook:
- it should allow the bait to be applied as gently as possible and
- should be sufficiently durable.
However, these requirements are contradictory (gently you can apply the bait only on the delicate one, thin hook, while delicacy is generally incompatible with endurance), for this reason, the optimal balance must be given due attention. The basic thing is to wire, the hook was made of the highest quality. The production technology also determines the good quality of the hook. A hook that is too hard would break under load, a soft one could bend. We place very high demands on the blade (arrowhead) hook, and that's for this reason, that the force needed to drive the blade with the barb into the fish's mouth increases exponentially with the thickness of the material.
The basic principle of forming hooks is the same. The differences are in color, the length and shape of the shank, blade deflection, fillets, etc..
Hook catch angles
A – smallest angle of catch (23°)
B – hook with eye not folded back (28°)
C – hook for tying a dry fly (42°)
D – worst catch angle (67°);
1 – fish resistance;
2 - the direction of the blade movement
In the hook, we distinguish the following parts: handle, which may vary in length depending on the fishing method, finished with a spatula, eyelet or without them (these types are glued to the fishing line); variously shaped toggle; blade and, in most models, also a burr. The choice of the length of the shank has to be made not only because of the type of bait (np. longer shanks will be more suitable when fishing for Dewworm, in the corn fishery, grain etc.. – shorter shafts), but also bearing in mind the catchiness of the hook, which is determined by the value of the so-called. catch angle (also known as the harmful angle). We are talking about the angle between the line connecting the tip of the blade with the tip of the blade and the line which is the extension of the blade. The size of the angle depends on the ratio of the length of the shank and the size of the arc, the rule applies, that the grip of the hook increases with the size of the angle. When jammed, the blade sticks into the fish's mouth not perpendicularly, but at an angle, which is practically equal to the described angle of catch. Based on the above information, a rule can be formulated, that when fishing for fish that do not require vigorous hooking, longer shank hooks can be used, while for catching fish with a soft mouth, hooks with a short shank will be appropriate. To some extent, "hunting” the hook is also dependent on its color; thus silver and golden hooks can be recommended for lighter lures (larvae, corn, potatoes), and hooks in darker shades are used when fishing with dark lures (worms, etc.)
An exceptionally wide range of hooks – more than 30 000 kinds – allows you to choose the type literally for every occasion. You can roughly divide hooks into three basic types:
– round (round band);
– oval (limerick);
– angular (snack band).
From these basic types a whole series of varieties with different shank length and bow shape was derived, with a straight or side-angled blade, etc.. The numbering of hooks by size is a problem; of many classifications, the most commonly used is the so-called. old scale (Redditch Scalę), where a higher number means a smaller tick (and conversely). The size is determined by the degree of opening of the hook.
The most suitable fly hooks have an eyelet or may be tipped with a spatula, and sometimes both eyes are missing, and the shoulder blades. The difference between hooks for tying wet flies and those for tying dry flies is not only in the way the eyelet is bent. (classic for dry fly fishing, with the eye bent upwards, for catching with a wet fly – Down), but mainly in the thickness of the wire. Dry fly hooks should always be thin and light, so that the flies do not sink, this is also the purpose of folding the eyelets upwards. Wet fly and nymph hooks can be made of thicker wire with the eyelet bent downwards, they also have the most favorable grip angle.