Each, who wants to catch carp not only on the shore, should reach for a ground fishing kit. It doesn't have to be complicated. The author selects lures and leaders according to the principle, that "it couldn't be easier". In fishing articles you can find descriptions of new methods of carp fishing. Seems, that to understand these modern methods in detail, you'd have to have doctorates in mechanics, mathematics and biology. Entire pages are crammed with drawings showing the intricate ways of baiting on fancy systems. There are also photos, depicting the author of the idea together with a large carp, which perfectly confirms the effectiveness of this method. However, there is not a word about it there, was it really the leader that was used for fishing and is it really that indispensable.
“If it can be done in a complicated way, you can probably also and simply " – dawn in the minds of "thinking" anglers. There is also no need to use any special tricks, to successfully catch carp. The whole method of catching carp on the ground is very simple. However, professional fishing, e.g.. roach to the ground is much more complicated. The difficulties involved in catching carp are not of a technical nature, but from relatively few occurrences in water bodies. Apart from that, they rarely forage and it depends on the weather. You have to be lucky, to hit a period of good bites.
If we can locate the carps and have enough time for fishing, then we can use a few simple ways to do this, so that the fishing is successful. The results will not be any worse, than if we used complicated modern techniques. These techniques are mainly invented abroad, where the angling pressure on the water is very high and the carp caught and released again have undergone the appropriate "training". It is then much more effective to use a different bait than to choose a different leader (system).
One of the nicer carp fishing methods, it is a float. However, with this method you can only fish with one rod and, unfortunately, only at short distances. Besides, the float reacts badly to the water current and waves.
All these drawbacks can be eliminated by fishing on the ground with a slowly released line. So it is a more versatile method and only causes minor problems then, when we want to fish at a distance not exceeding the length of the rod.
The lead weight should be optimally selected from the many forms offered. Flat weights and olives are cheap. However, they are not thrown very well and they make a lot of noise when falling into the water. You can use them, when fishing short distances and in places with a lot of snags. Pear-shaped weights are best, finished with a carabiner. They allow long casts, and thanks to the carabiner they are easy to replace. Many anglers use rather lighter weights, for me though, they must weigh at least a minimum 20 g. Only such a weight allows you to make an accurate throw – even a relatively heavy carp rod – and does not move when the line is taut. The weight may also slide along the main line, a is blocked by a carabiner on 20-45 cm in front of the hook. A pearl is placed over the carabiner (bead), which protects the knot. Although in this set three knots are made (2 on the carabiner and 1 on the search), it is stronger, than a set with a stopwatch knot, that could move or damage the line. These knots must of course be very good (I use a double buffer knot).
Soft bait kit
For soft bait fishing, such as cake or potatoes, relatively large hooks are used. The dough is put on by sticking a long-stalked hook into it, while for putting on a potato it is best to use a bait needle. So that the potato does not fall when thrown, a small crust of bread or a blade of grass should be placed between it and the elbow of the hook.
Soft lures are usually quite heavy, so that a lead weight is not always necessary. These lures have one more advantage – thanks to their size and intense natural smell, they are quickly retrieved by fish. Their disadvantage is this, that they are also eagerly eaten by other quiet feeding fish. For this reason, it is best to use them then, when the fishery is not baited and you fish dynamically, looking for carps in different places. There are also waters, baited with hard bait (protein balls, bean): there, soft lures can prove very effective.
With this type of bait, the jam must be very strong, because carp rarely hook themselves. The reaction to the bite should be immediate. The jam must be made, when the bite indicator rises to 20-30 cm up. The strong flair is also dictated by this, that the hook must come out of the dough first, which is not such an easy matter with high stickiness and considerable distance.
It plays a very important role in bottom fishing: is the same, what a float in the water. A simple bite indicator can even be made from a piece of aluminum foil. This cylindrical indicator is placed on the line between the reel and the first guide. In the event of a bite, it falls off the line and does not interfere with the haul. It is especially practical for frequent changes of fishery.
Bite indicators used in bottom fishing ("Monkeys"), should be connected to a low-waist line, so that you can observe the bite as much as possible. You need a little practice to "read" the bite correctly, therefore, beginners are recommended to hang the line approx. 60 cm below the rod. You fish with the bow closed, to be able to jam as quickly as possible.
High concentration of the angler, necessary to recognize a bite, and self-determination of the jam make, that this method is much more attractive and relaxing than passively waiting for an unexpected signal from the electronic bite indicator in the self-tapping method.
Hair for hard lures
In a fishery with high fishing pressure, it is best to use the hair method. Protein balls and particular lures will be suitable baits (miniature). "Hair", it is usually a very thin line, which ties to the elbow of the hook. Or you can do it more accurately: Using a leader threading needle, the "hair" is pulled through the silicone tube, and then it is tied together with the tube to the eye of the hook. Thanks to this treatment, you can adjust the length of the "hair". The covered knot can also be impregnated with instant glue or nail polish. Making an "Italian" too long is a very serious mistake. The distance between the "top" of the bait and the "bottom" of the hook elbow should not exceed 2 Cm. A very short attachment of the bait to the hook can sometimes also be effective, especially when we use a specially bent hook for this purpose („Bent Hook”). A chance for it, that the carp will jam by itself with a freely lying hook, it is relatively large, if we use an additional lead weight and a light bite indicator. This happens especially when the carp are caught violently. So it is important, when fishing with the bail closed, as is the case with soft lures, be very concentrated and stay near the fishing rod at all times. It is not related to this, that you can miss taking, but rather with this, that at some point you may lose the entire fishing rod. If it is necessary to move away from the fishing rod, in this case, always open the bail or engage the free spool of the reel. There are fishermen, who, even with this method, fish with the bow open. However, while taking it, I do not think about it, whether the fish will jam by itself, but I quickly grab the fishing line and cut it myself. For this reason, I always prefer fishing with a closed bail or with a free spool reel.
Some boilie anglers use the self-hooking method. For this they use a heavy lead weight and a stopper on the main line. I must add, that this method works very well in fisheries, where carp are caught relatively rarely. An unsuspecting fish pulls the bait into its mouth along with the hook, and when it tries to drift away, it stutters by itself thanks to heavy lead. The angler does not have to perform any activities during this time. Then the only thing left to do is haul the carp.
There is also another self-tapping method, requiring more activity from the angler. The tip of the rod or the tense line is observed all the time, but once a fish has been taken, do not jam. This method is used for longer sessions by the water, when it is simply impossible to keep staring at the bite indicator. Apart from that, When fishing for carp, long breaks between bites are almost the rule.
The same leader and bottom lead set can be used for self-cutting fishing, which was mentioned earlier. The weight should be from 40 into 60 g. You must put a bead on the main line, separating the sinker from the hooklink. The weight of the weight used and the speed, how the carp swim away with the bait in its mouth, affect the strength of the jam. If the bottom of the fishery is hard, then a larger weight should be used than for a soft bottom. This is to prevent the sinker from moving when the line is tightened. The use of very sharp hooks should also become the rule. Chemically hardened hooks are the best. Before casting, their sharpness should also be checked each time. Please pay attention to the burr on the hook. The smaller it is, the easier it is to drive the point of the hook into the fish's mouth. It can be crushed with pliers and removed from the hook, however, its complete absence would often lead to the carp breaking off during hauling.
As I mentioned, in the self-cutting method, the bottom lead is attached to the line together with a stopper. The stopper does not need to be tightened too tightly on the line. The line is not weakened then, and at the same time, it excludes the loss of a weight when the set is broken by carp. I use a piece of silicone tube as a stopwatch, which I wedge on the fishing line with a toothpick. The fishing line can also, using a needle, Pull it through the silicone tube several times. It is important to, that the lead weight can slide on the line.
The bite indicator in the self-cutting method should be as heavy as possible. We connect it to the taut fishing line like this, so that it is at the very top of the rod driven into the ground. The lead does not rest on the bottom when it is taken, but is picked up by the carp. The heavy bite rate then goes down and it's a really great sight to behold.
Using a heavy bite indicator and fishing with the bail open, the line should be fastened above the reel in a special clip („Run Clip”), so that it does not fall off the spool. You can also fish with the bail closed. However, then you need to disable its lock, because the bail rotating backwards during biting can hit our fingers quite hard.
To avoid tangling of the leader with the main line when casting, it is good to use the so-called "throwing tube". It is a stiff tube, which, together with the lead, is placed on the main line. It is advisable, so that the leader is always slightly shorter than it. Otherwise, the line may still become tangled, especially when using complicated leaders. The use of a "throwing tube" never bothers even, if we fish with a thick line 0,30 mm and then we do not use fancy leaders.
Which method is the best for carp fishing?? In my opinion there is no "best method". I consider, that the right choice of fishery, good encouragement and patience are much more important than, for example,. length of the leader or a specific type of bite indicator. It all matters all the more, the given water reservoir is less overfished. So if it is not a problem for you, fish actively, watch the water, and above all… feel the pleasure of communing with nature.