Fishing in Poland, Slovakia, Czechia

Fishing is an extremely popular activity in Poland. They are cultivated by several million people, of which over a million are associated in the Polish Angling Association – heirs of the 710-year-old tradition of organized fishing in our country. Each year, the ranks of the PVI are supplied by about 50 70 thousand. new members. There is a clear lack of popular fishing literature on our market, accessible and understandable not only for advanced anglers, but also for those who take their first steps, who want to learn the arcana and secrets of fishing, so far they have relied almost exclusively on painstaking investigation through errors and their own methods. Our website successfully fills this gap, and at the same time meets the needs of the Polish reader, because during its creation, changes or additions were made to adapt the guide to our conditions and applicable laws and regulations.

On the website you will find a lot of advice and tips, valuable for both beginners, who want to learn the art of fishing, as well as valuable and certainly interesting for more experienced anglers. Direct, almost a chatty way, how the author wishes to convey his own experiences and messages to less advanced colleagues, that this page is easy to read, with interest, and the information it contains is easily digestible even for a complete layman.

Fishing conditions in Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, although close, however, they are not identical. This applies to both the geographic and hydrological conditions of both countries, the occurrence of particular species of fish, as well as regulations in force in the field of nature and water protection and fishing with a fishing rod.

When comparing the hydrological relations of both countries, it must be stated, that Polish waters, although there are much less of them (average annual water resources in Poland na 1 inhabitant is 7 900 m3, while in the Czech Republic and Slovakia – 2 500 m3), they are more varied than the waters of our southern neighbors. Is estimated, that the total area of ​​water in Poland is approx 591 thousand. he has, of which 66% are still waters. In the Czech Republic and Slovakia, outside the dam lakes, almost no lakes. Most of Polish rivers belong to the Baltic Sea catchment area, a only 0,3% to the Black Sea basin (Czadeczka stream, Black Orava). In Slovakia, the opposite is true; only a few rivers belong to the North Sea basin. This entails the presence of a number of fish species that are little known to us.

The vast majority of our rivers belong to the Vistula and Odra basins, and only 9,8% the area of ​​the country are the basins of the rivers of Pomerania and Masuria flowing directly into the Baltic Sea and the basins of the Nemunas and Pregoła. The largest of our rivers, Vistula (length 1092 km), it has a basin with an area 193,9 thousand. km2. They are formed by such tributaries as: Sole, Skawa, Raba and Wisłoka are mountain rivers and are characterized by large drops, but with a low flow. Larger amounts of water are supplied by Dunajec and San. Both these rivers in the upper reaches also bear the characteristics of mountain rivers. The largest tributary of the Vistula is the Bug with the Narew. Together with the Biebrza and Wieprz rivers, they are typical lowland rivers with small slopes. Taunting, Wierzyca and Radunia are rivers with quite large drops and low water flows.

The Odra river basin has an area 118,4 thousand. km2, of which it is located in Poland 106 thousand. km2. The total length of the Odra River is 848 km, and its main tributary is the Warta with the Noteć. The Sudeten tributaries are rich in water and are the Bóbr and Kwisa rivers. Of the remaining tributaries, they are of greater importance: Little Panew, Barycz and Olza.

The coastal basin of the Baltic rivers is wide 60-80 km between the estuary of the Odra and the estuary of the Vistula. The main ones are: Rega, parseta, Hog, Słupia, Łupawa and Łeba.

The Masurian Lake District includes such rivers as: Pasłęk (tributary of the Vistula Lagoon), Łyna and Węgorapa flowing into Pregoła, as well as Czarna Hańcza and Szeszupa included in the basin of the Neman.

On some rivers in our country, there are artificial dam reservoirs. The bigger of them is 140, with a total capacity of approx. 2,8 mld m3, which is merely 5% annual average volume of water flowing out of the country (by analogy, in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, this number is approx. 12%). Our largest dam reservoirs are located on the San River in Solina, on the Vistula in Włocławek and on the Dunajec in Rożnów. They have multiple functions, as a rule, they are also used for fishing purposes. Due to their location and character, they can be divided into types: mountain (np. Wapienica and a reservoir in Wisła-Czarna), temporary (Lake Rożnowskie) and lowland (reservoirs in Goczałkowice, Otmuchów or Włocławek).

Unlike the Czech Republic and Slovakia, Poland is a country with a relatively large number of lakes. Tanks with an area above 1 ha we have 9296, and their total area is approx 317 thousand. he has. Most of the lakes occur in the north of the country in the lake district belt. They can also be found in the Wielkopolska-Kujawska Lowland and in the Lublin region. In the south of the country, they occur only singly.

The vast majority of our lakes were formed by the action of a glacier. The gutter lakes are the most common. They resemble river valleys with steep banks and form stretches of lakes, the most typical of which are: Drawsko, Wdzydze, Jeziorak, Drwęckie, Dadas, Rynskie, Talty, Beldany, Mikołajskie and Nidzkie.

The lakes of the ground moraine are usually large, with a slight depth and diversified shoreline. This type of lakes includes: Sniardy, Mamry, Niegocin, Wielmie and others. In addition to these types, there are also mo

frontal rhenium. These are usually shallow-depth reservoirs and the so-called. mesh, lakes with a circular shape occurring throughout almost the entire country.

The lakes created by the glacier in the Carpathians are of a separate character. These include circus lakes (np. Wielki Staw in the Valley of Five Ponds), be moraine lakes (np. Sea Eye).

The genesis of the so-called. coastal lakes. They were created from cut off sea bays. Lakes are an example of this type of reservoirs: Łebsko, Gardno i Jamno. The Vistula and Szczeciński lagoons are in the process of transforming into such lakes.

Small lakes predominate in Poland. More than 50% of them has an area to 4 he has, and tanks larger than 1000 ha is only 34. Our largest lakes are Śniardwy (106,6 km2), Mamry (104,4 km2) and Łebsko, Medved, Jeziorak and Niegocin.

Anglers in our country can use 275 thousand. ha of water surface, of which almost 100 thousand. ha is under the direct use of the PZW. The surface of the waters available for fishing is therefore close 70% water surfaces suitable for this purpose, not counting inland and coastal marine waters, of which only internal waters, such as lakes and sea lagoons, constitute the surface 100 thousand. he has.

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