The supporters of the fishing competition should be praised for this, that they recalled and implemented the old saying: "Little fish, but fish”. In this way, the roach was recognized, rudd and the rest of the fish trifle. Discovering them as attractive fish for fishing means an emphasis on proficiency and dexterity. When fishing for medal-winning pikes or catfish, a feast does not happen every day, sometimes it takes years for it to happen, while fishing for small fish, we can satiate ourselves in almost any water, regardless of the time of day or season.
Both of the most typical white fish are very lively and adapt to almost any type of water, that's why – except for the sharpest trout waters – we can meet them almost everywhere. Roach adapts to this extent, that it can settle down even in the lower parts of the trout land, rudd, however, too harsh conditions do not serve and is typical of warmer waters. It is difficult to characterize their typical living environment, because these two fish are found in rivers and streams, the smallest and most powerful canals, in dead ends and oxbow lakes, in all types of water reservoirs, in post-gravel workings, pits formed during the regulation of watercourses.
They behave pragmatically and prudently when selecting positions – they always look for places that offer them the most food. In the flowing waters we meet their herds at various depths, on the border of moderate currents and quiet, on the way, on the border between eddy and quiet sections, where the food carried by the water accumulates. They do not require special hiding places, they also feel good in the open water zone, They choose clumps of plants mainly for their richer food resources.
Spawning takes place in April - May, rudd usually a little later than the roach. In the waters, where predatory fish are absent, they reproduce on a massive scale. Despite their extraordinary foraging activity and adaptability, they grow very slowly. The caught fish weigh 0.1-0.3 kg on average. Record fish (is already considered a real specimen 1 kilogram) it deserves recognition also for this reason, that she lived to see the "Methuselah."” century (even 18-20 years). How much did. two-kilo individuals – it's hard to even guess.
In addition to the sports sides, the fishing of these species also has a practical dimension. For it reels and roaches (their protective dimension: 15 Cm!) they are among the most readily available livestock for catching most predatory fish. Who can handle roach fishing in any situation, this one has no problems with getting, risky storage and transport of live animals for predator fishing.
There are no major problems with determining the season suitable for roach and rudd fishing. Provided that the appropriate fishing technique is selected for the circumstances (we also mean baiting) we can catch them all year round. The same is true for the time of day. These ever-hungry fish will spot even the tiniest grains floating in the water. What about some more tasty morsel!
Comparison of the effectiveness of lures in individual countries (Poland, GDR, FRG) leads to contradictions, until illogical conclusions. In Poland, e.g.. until 80% roach is caught with vegetable baits, quite the opposite in German waters – 79% local roaches and 61 % the rudd was tempted by animal baits. We should actually enjoy these differences, because they are proof of it, that these unrefined fish can be caught with such a bait, which we have at our disposal. Of the animal baits, red worms are equally effective, white worms and larvae of aquatic insects. From vegetable baits, let's replace bread in the form of pea-sized balls, typical types of cakes and noodles, small peas, corn, pearl barley, etc.. From occasional cases of catching old rudd with a small live bait, a spinner or a bright wobbler, an experienced angler does not draw any practical conclusions. During the summer months, these fish also eat water-borne insects, So as another option to diversify their catch, you can consider hunting small flies or natural insects (thread, grasshoppers).