Brown trout – Salmo trutta morpha fario (L.)
English: BROWN TROUT
French: RIVER TROUT
Naturally, in Podkarpacie, almost in all rivers of the Vistula basin, Odra and Neisse, in Roztocze, in the Pomeranian tributaries of the Vistula and in the basins of rivers flowing directly into the Baltic Sea. This fish was successfully introduced to many rivers all over Poland and to some lakes.
Medium sizes: 25-40 Cm (0,2-0,5 Kg); rarely: mass over 2,5 Kg (Ok. 60 cm in length). Fish weighing over 5 kg come mostly from large lakes and rivers flowing into them. "Fishing" record: 5.53 kg i 77.5 Cm.
Where and when
Natural habitat of brown trout, which is indicated by the very name of these fish, there are intramural streams as well as mountain and submontane streams.
Brown trout prefer rivers with a gravel bottom, to be able to wipe effectively in winter; they most willingly occupy positions on the sides of washed out shores and in deep holes, because only in a certain hiding place do they feel safe; they need a lot of oxygen in the water, therefore, they feel best in fast-flowing watercourses.
If there are many insect larvae living in the flowing water, there are numerous bullheads and rosettes, as well as some nosy graylings and ubiquitous chubs, this is a classic trout stream. It does not necessarily have to be a stream or stream right away. Brown trout can also be found in some clean lakes and in mountain dam reservoirs. In stagnant water, rich in natural food, brown trouts reach the size of lake trout - they can grow up to 5-10 Kg, they have a stocky body structure like carp and rarely find red dots on the sides of the body so characteristic of this species. The brown trout season is not very long. The protection period begins in September and ends in January. At the beginning of the season (practically until the end of March) trout are not yet in top condition after exhausting spawning – they are emaciated, only the head and tail, they hardly fight at all in the haul. In spring, however, this changes from week to week – the fish quickly gain weight and store up energy to survive the next harsh winter. The first breakthrough moment in the seven-month "supplementary treatment" is the mass outlet of the fatty May flies at the beginning of June. Unfortunately, this eternal ritual of nature, so electrifying fly fishermen, is taking place on a smaller scale every year. Increasing pollution and the constant regulation of rivers are to blame for everything. Mass outlets and swarms of flies are becoming rarer today. The sensitive brown trout is also at risk – without intensive stocking, they would have disappeared from many of our rivers long ago.
Artificial fly: for many anglers the most beautiful way to catch brown trout. It is especially exciting to catch streamers with a large artificial dry fly in the times of departure of the mayflies and birdwatches..
Spinning: the best bait for a fast current of water is a centrifuge. The vibrations and light reflections produced by the spinner blade provoke the trout to bite.
How and for what
To protect the brown trout stock, Most of the trout and grayling rivers are prohibited from fishing with natural baits. But even there, where it is allowed, we ourselves should voluntarily give up fishing for red and white worms, because even undersized trout, and these are the ones they take most often, they almost always swallow live bait very deeply. Large streamers with a typically predatory lifestyle are great for small floating wobblers. Unfortunately, many anglers still do not appreciate the sensational effectiveness of this aggressive and deeply descending bait..
Silver has been an effective spinning lure for trout for decades, golden, copper, white and black centrifuges. The turntable should be run as slowly as possible (with or against the flow) near the site of a dotted predator. The brown trout attack is lightning fast. The fish jumps out of its hiding place and catches the bait in its mouth – or misses. If we notice a failed attack (silvery flash near the bait) or the trout will stick together at the moment of biting (the so-called. cufflinks), we should wait a while, change the centrifuge to another one and throw it again in exactly the same place.
After catching a trout, an attractive position he occupies in the river, for example, under tree branches overhanging the water or behind large stones, it is immediately occupied by another trout (the second largest in the immediate vicinity). In summer, brown trout feeds mainly on insects. During this period, the most effective fishing method is the artificial fly. If the fish do not come to the surface, they should be searched for and caught with wet flies, little streamers or nymphs – imitations of larvae of insects found in the river (mayflies, forks, caddisflies). Fishing for a nymph with a class stick 6-8 and length 2,40-2,85 m is very effective, provided, however, that sooner the fly angler has mastered the difficult art of perceiving careful strikes. For dry fly fishing (class stick 5/6 approx. 2,7 m) you also need a good eye and reflexes. The angler takes a bearing on the collecting fish (wheels on the water), gives a dry fly with some reserve (above the trout position), and then so leads the bait, so that the leader does not scratch the water surface. Tip: if the fish urgently comes to the surface, still in the same place, it is almost always grayling. Loud splashes in the middle of the stream, once here once there, betray a rainbow trout hunting some larger prey.
The brown trout comes to the surface much less frequently and always close to its position. So if in the shade of a large alder or on the verge of reverse current, we hear more than see the exit of the fish to the surface, this is the brown trout… In the watercourses, in which the 35-centimeter long stream bows are considered to be specimens, a short rod is enough for spinning (into 2 meters in length) and a thin fishing line with a diameter of up to 0,20 Mm. A tiny carabiner with a safety pin allows you to quickly change the lure and prevents the line from twisting.
The best places to catch brown trout.