Classic fly fishing focused solely on catching salmonids and grayling. The anglers in general treated fly fishermen as a separate caste.
The reason for this was not only the different gear and the different fishing technique, but also the widespread view that this method is useful only in trout and grayling waters. Meanwhile it turned out, that many lowland fish species can be equally attractively and effectively caught with an artificial fly. Many fishing techniques with a wide range of applications have been developed, new types of suitable baits have been produced. Like this, this one, so elite so far, The fishing technique has become a mass one, and fly fishing gear becomes ordinary even for a wide range of other anglers.
The essence of fly fishing lies in imitating the natural food of fish as closely as possible – insects in their various developmental forms. The need to follow faithfully concerns both the form, size, colors, as well as movement on or below the surface, so it also concerns the technique of fishing.
Fly fishing methods may vary depending on the conditions of the fishery. Depending on the type of bow tie used, we distinguish the following basic methods:
– catch with a dry fly;
– catch with a wet fly;
– fishing for nymphs;
– catch on streamers;
– other methods (using a water ball, wood).
The choice of one method or another depends on the behavior of the fish in the given conditions, specifically this, what types and stages of insects make up their staple food, and at what depth of water they collect their food primarily. These relationships are determined by a number of factors – time of year, time of day, water level and purity, etc.. We choose the fishing position depending on the terrain form of the presumed fish positions. We always try to choose such a place, to get near the fish at the optimal distance without risk, that we scare them or disturb them.
Applying the principle of feeding a fly within the sight of a lurking fish requires specific knowledge of the behavior of fish. For example, in summer we can expect trout and grayling even in the swiftest stretches of watercourses, especially in places though, where there are appropriate obstacles in the current (concealment), which offer fish shelter and a sense of security. In more varied fisheries, particular attention should be paid to such sections, in more monotonous waters all lots should be fished systematically. In colder seasons, fish prefer less swift stretches. We can also look for fish in the summer there, at dusk.